And they are worried about Iran.

clipped from www.economist.com

RUSSIA and the United States open fresh negotiations on nuclear disarmament in Moscow this week. The main agreement governing the verification of the countries’ strategic nuclear weapons, the 1991 Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START-1), expires in December, so a new deal is needed soon. Talks may also include further reductions in strategic warheads, on top of those agreed in 2002, to between 1,700 and 2,200 by 2012. Each has already dramatically cut its nuclear capability since the peak of the cold war. Of the three other recognised nuclear powers, only China is thought to be building more; it probably has around 160 warheads. The deployed warheads of official nuclear countries are all considered to be operational, but it is not easy to determine the status of the weapons in the four unofficial nuclear countries. North Korea, for instance, is thought have up to ten warheads, but none is operational.

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